Bible Activity/Discussion

Genesis: a few questions so far

Bible Study will resume next Sabbath be it God’s willing. It’s a joy reading, learning, discovering, and applying His Word for it’s like a soothing balm. 💙

Base on what we’ve studied so far in Genesis 1-9, I’ll leave a few questions for you to answer on your own, or feel free to discuss it in the comment section below.

1. What does the rainbow symbolize?

2. On what day is the Sabbath?

3. Does the Bible tell us EXACTLY how many children Adam and Eve had?

4. On what day was Eve created?

5. How old was Noah when he entered the ark?

6. How many pairs of each “clean” animal did Noah take on the ark?

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Bible Study

Genesis part IV: The first murder and genealogy of the Patriarchs

In case you missed it:

The Original Sin

The Making of mankind and the Sabbath

Genesis: in the beginning

We’re still studying the book of Genesis. I would’ve like to be at the end of the book heading into Exodus, but I don’t like rushing. However, I was talking to my friend Jonathan earlier this week and he said that he liked studying with me for it suits him best and I realize that I may have to start posting on a regular basis. I feel complete whenever I read/share/discuss His Word. 💙

The last time we were in the garden talking about our first parents’ fall. Today, we look at the first sons and an important genealogy.

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Abel and Cain

Scripture in focus: Genesis 4 

So Adam knew his wife and Cain (A possession; a spear) was born. Abel (breath; a vanity) was the second born. Cain was a tiller of the ground (a farmer like his father Adam) while his brother was a keeper of sheep (4:2). And it came to pass when the brothers brought their offerings before God, Cain brought fruits (4:3) and Abel brought the firstlings of his flock and the fat thereof (4:4).

God respects Abel’s offering, but not Cain’s (4:4-5). Why didn’t God respect Cain’s offering as well? Let’s look at Hebrews 11:4

By faith Abel brought God a better offering than Cain did. By faith he was commended as righteous, when God spoke well of his offerings. And by faith Abel still speaks, even though he is dead.

By faith. Also look at Matthew 23:35 in which Jesus calls Abel righteous. 

Cain was angry, but God talked with him father to son, providing a solution to his problem (4:7), but Cain was stubborn and prideful and allowed sin to rule over him. Instead of humbling himself and becoming repentant, Cain allowed his anger and jealousy drive him to murder his own flesh and blood (4:8). When God asks Cain where is Abel, Cain is quick to reply that he does not know and asks, “Am I my brother’s keeper?” (4:9). Two ironies here: Cain does know where his brother is; he murdered him. And as the older sibling, he is Abel’s keeper. Firstborns are naturally responsible for their younger siblings and they have authority. 

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God places a curse upon Cain and he worries that whoever finds him will kill him (4:11-14). Just as the Lord provided for Adam and Eve after banishing them from the garden, he set a mark upon Cain to protect him (4:15). So Cain has now lost his home and family and dwelled in the land of Nod (exile, wandering, unrest), east of Eden (4:16). He eventually has a son with his wife, named him Enoch and built a city after his son’s name (4:17). We do not know if Cain had any more children for the Bible do not say, but his great-great-great grandson Lamech becomes the world’s first polygamist by marrying two wives (4:19).

Lamech boasts about killing a man and a young man (teenager perhaps?) for wounding him and that he’ll avenge himself worse than Cain (4:23-24). Seth is born and later he has a son which he names Enos and it was about that time that people began to call upon the name of the Lord (4:25-26).

I want to look at Abel and how he was Christlike, but not today. I’ll devote an entire post to this topic soon.

Genealogy of the Patriarchs

Scripture in focus: Genesis 5

This chapter might just be a list of names of people making babies, but it’s the story of our historical ancestors. It begins with the summarization of mankind (5:1-2). I went looking for a table to include in this post and I found one over on an apologetics ministry site call Answers in Genesis so here it is:

Patriarch Age Bible reference
1 Adam 930 Genesis 5:4
2 Seth 912 Genesis 5:8
3 Enosh 905 Genesis 5:11
4 Cainan 910 Genesis 5:14
5 Mahalalel 895 Genesis 5:17
6 Jared 962 Genesis 5:20
7 Enoch 365 (translated) Genesis 5:23
8 Methuselah 969 Genesis 5:27
9 Lamech 777 Genesis 5:31
10 Noah 950 Genesis 9:29
11 Shem 600 Genesis 11:10–11
12 Arphaxad 438 Genesis 11:12–13
13 Shelah 433 Genesis 11:14–15
14 Eber 464 Genesis 11:16–17
15 Peleg 239 Genesis 11:18–19
16 Reu 239 Genesis 11:20–21
17 Serug 230 Genesis 11:22–23
18 Nahor 148 Genesis 11:24–25
19 Terah 205 Genesis 11:32
20 Abram (Abraham) 175 Genesis 25:7
21 Isaac 180 Genesis 35:28–29
22 Jacob (Israel)

Ages of the Patriarchs from Adam to Jacob

Adam was 130 years old when he had his first son (5:3). Cainan lived up to 910 years (5:14). Enoch was 65 when he had Methuselah (5:21) and he walked with God until God took him (5:24). Methuselah is the longest living human ever at 969 years (5:27). Noah was 500 years when he had Shem, Ham, and Japheth (5:32). I think this chapter is important, but it’s too bad churches tend to look it over.

Additional Notes/Recap

^ The first murder involved jealousy.

^ Regarding Cain’s offering, I believe that God gave specific instructions regarding the offering although the Bible doesn’t say so. Remember, it was by faith that Abel brought a better offering and faith comes from hearing (Romans 10:17).

^ In a sense, we’re like Abel destined for death, but we’re also like Cain in which we’re subject to anger, pride, and stubbornness thus resulting in sinful impulses.

Bible Study

Genesis cont’d: The original sin

In case you missed it:

The Making of mankind and the Sabbath

Genesis: in the beginning

Welcome back to our studying of Genesis. I apologize for moving at a snail’s pace, but I’m trying to figure out the next direction in which to take the blog. I’ll talk about that in a future post. Anyway, the last time we looked at how God made man in His image, the Garden of Eden, and the Sabbath. Today, we look at the original sin.

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Scripture in focus: Genesis 3 

The serpent’s deception

In 2:16-17, Adam was commanded not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil and his helper was not yet created, hence the argument that Eve didn’t know when the serpent tempted her in the garden. Wrong, the command was also made to her as well as evidence of what she told the serpent in 3:3

God made it clear that they weren’t to eat of that specific tree but after some sweet talk and coaxing from the serpent with the promise that she wouldn’t die (3:4), Eve looked at the tree in a different way (she saw that the tree was good for food). How did she know that it was good for food? Did an animal or the serpent by chance eat of the tree to prove that the fruit was good? The serpent was the most cunning of all the creatures God had created after all. Do note that gaining wisdom to discern between good and evil was not based on eating the fruit, but on visualization: SHE SAW that the tree was good for food (3:6). There was no way she was starving and started to imagine pizza hanging from the branches, wondering how it’ll taste like. Please don’t take my word for it, though, it was just an observation I happened to make while reading.

I guess it was safe to say that Eve was enlightened.

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via jw.org

Eve then offered the fruit to her husband and he partook in it. Their eyes were suddenly open and they realized that they were naked. What did they do? Sewed fig leaves and made themselves aprons. Hey, fashionistas! 😃

Banished from paradise

Imagine living in the garden of Eden and hearing the voice of your Creator as He took His evening walk (3:8)! When the couple heard His voice, they hid (because of their guilt) like children hiding from their parents when they know they messed up and don’t want to face up to the pending punishment. When God interrogates them, Adam blames the woman for giving him the fruit and tries to implicate God at the same time (3:12). The wife, however, blames the serpent (3:13). After the blame game, God dishes out suitable punishments:

* The serpent has to crawl, it will be stomped on, and in turn, they will bite people in the heel (3:14-15).

* The woman has to bear children (painfully) and the man will rule over her (3:16).

* The man has to work the soil. He’ll have to sweat and after when all is said and done, he’ll die and return to the very dust from which he came (3:17-19). 

Eve with her children outside of Eden

via jw.org

Even after God was disappointed in Adam and Eve, He didn’t leave them hanging when he clothed them (3:21). He banished them from paradise to a life of sorrow and appoints two Cherubims and a flaming sword to keep the way of the tree of life (3:24). 

Mankind’s fall shows why it is best to obey the voice of God and to resist temptation and flee from it. We inherited sin through Adam and Eve specifically through Adam for it was through him that sin entered the world (Romans 5:12). 

Because of the fall, we’ve lost sight of the purpose for which we were created. 

Additional Notes/Recap

^ This may not be important, but read 3:3 again. Note that Eve said that they’re not allowed to touch the tree for they may die. Now, go back to 2:16-17. This stipulation is absent from God’s first and only command. He said that the day they ate of the tree, they shall surely die. Eve, did you not pay attention?

^ I’ll have to add this to my list of first: The First Debate. This took place between the serpent and Eve as they debated over God’s rule (3:1-5).

^ Adam and Eve had everything that they could’ve ever wanted, yet, they fell for enticing lies. God made it clear that they will die if they eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Yet, the serpent said that they will not die but become god-like. 

^ Eve cannot entirely blame the serpent for its trickery. She had a mind of her own, yet, she refused to listen to God’s command. It was of her own actions and desire to eat the fruit. Cross-reference with James 1:14-15.

^ Eve was known as ‘the woman’ until 3:20 when Adam first calls her ‘Eve’.

Bible Activity/Discussion

Bible’s Most Asked Questions #3: What fruit did Eve eat?

Everybody knows the story of Adam and Eve and how they had to leave the beautiful Garden of Eden because of sin. And everyone knows the name of the fruit that they ate of, right?

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via jw.org

Wrong!

Over the years, I’ve seen people argue over which fruit Eve ate and while many assume that it’s a pomegranate; almost the entire world would tell you that it’s an apple. We can also thank the movies for this. Why argue when you can pick up the Bible and read the truth?

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Let’s consult our Bible:

And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

Genesis 3:6 (KJV)

The Bible did not mention that the forbidden fruit was an apple, pear, pomegranate, or orange for that matter. It was a fruit that came from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil and we don’t know what it looked like, either. And because Eve failed to focus on her relationship with God, she fell victim to sweet talk from the devil’s sugar coated tongue. Next Sabbath, God’s willing, I hope we can dive into the fall of man.

Don’t let the devil cheat you out of your victory like he did Eve and Adam. Keep your eyes on God.

Bible Study

Genesis cont’d: The making of mankind and the Sabbath

In case you missed it:

Genesis: in the beginning

The last time we looked at how the world began and how many days it took for God to create the world and all that there is in it. Today, we’re going to pick up where we left off, but let’s go back to Genesis 1:26-28 as we look at the first human.

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Scripture in focus: Genesis 1 & 2

GOD, THE FATHER: “Let us make man in our image”

The origin of the human race is recorded in the story of Adam and Eve for they were the first human beings to ever walk the earth. In 1:26 God is speaking to the heavenly court when he said, “Let us make man in our image, after our own likeness”. Humans enjoy a unique and special relationship with God and they represent Him as His ambassadors here on earth. Now, the term “likeness” can sometimes get lost in translation so if we can quickly go to 5:3 we’ll find an example of children being described in the “likeness” and “image” of their parents. Before words such as “resemblance” existed, the mentioned terms (image and likeness) were commonly used in the ancient world to show that the child bore the look and features of the parents. 

Therefore, God is the Father of humanity. 

CROSS REFERENCE: Deuteronomy 32:6 & Isaiah 64:8

After creating man in His image/likeness, I guess it’s safe to say that God makes beautiful things out of dust. 

via Unsplash

MAN & THE GARDEN OF EDEN

The garden of Eden sure sounded like a paradise I wouldn’t have wanted to leave (2:1-14)! God put the first man in the garden of Eden. The first man or father of the human race was to take care of this beautiful paradise and he wouldn’t have wanted for nothing for he had everything. In 2:18, God came to the conclusion that man shouldn’t be alone and decides to make a helper. In 2:19, we finally learned that the first man’s name was Adam and he named every living creature which was his first recorded act (2:19-20), but still, there was no help meet for him, so God creates woman as a helper for Adam.

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Adam was made to deep sleep while God took one of his ribs and made woman. I call this event the first surgery (2:21-22). When God brought the woman to Adam, one can safely say that this was the first marriage hence the comments made in 2:23-24. It was like a vow. A beautiful one, too! I wish I was at that wedding! 😃So God gives Adam his bride (yes, He gives the bride away to the groom. He was the divine witness of the marriage covenant) and it is the man who leaves his parents to join to his wife. God created them as sexual beings for they were meant to populate the earth (1:28). 

THE FIRST SABBATH

Now, God did not need to rest. It’s highly unlikely for an all-powerful being to become exhausted after creating the world. But he led by example when he carefully planned and structured the world showing that we must know how to manage time wisely and He led by example when He rested from all His hard work showing that we weren’t created to work 24/7. 

Over the years, there have been major arguments over which the day the Lord called the Sabbath and rested upon. In 2:2-3 we can clearly see that God rested on the seventh day from all His work and He sanctified it which means we are to follow after our Father and rest on the seventh day. Also, it is the ONLY commandment in which God tells us to remember in Exodus 20:8.

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The Sabbath is to be observed on the seventh day and it doesn’t matter how many times man has modified the calenders, Saturday stays the same: the 7th day. In French, Samedi which is Saturday also means Sabbath. One can read the Bible from Genesis to Revelation, but one would not find any authorization of the Sabbath changing days for no other day has been sanctified as the day of rest. God instituted the Sabbath in the very beginning and His Word is law for we were created to worship Him. Over the years, we’ve been misled and went astray, but Jesus will set everything right once again when He returns to reign as the ultimate King of Kings. 

Next, we’ll look at chapters 3 and 4 and if possible, 5. 

Additional Notes/Recap

^ The Hebrew word for earth is adama. God formed man from the dust of the earth, therefore, the connection here is strong with the first man. Adam means ‘red’ and it can be a reference to either the red skin or the red earth of Eden. 

^ Eve’s name means ‘living’ for she was the mother of all living.

^ God could’ve made Eve from the ground just as he did Adam, but everything He does is symbolic. When He made Eve from Adam’s flesh and bone, God illustrated that through marriage, man and woman symbolically becomes one. This is the unity that God intended for man and woman in marriage.

A couple holds their fists against one another, showing off their wedding bands

^ No one knows exactly where the Garden of Eden was for sure, but it doesn’t stop many from speculating. The Bible mentions a spring in the garden which parted into four major rivers (2:10-14). Today, many researchers and scholars are convinced that southern Iraq was where the prosperous garden once stood. The Bible does not mention where the garden was exactly, but it was most likely destroyed in the Flood.